Czech Republic

Art. 2 (2) - Extension of material scope beyond EU law


Art. 4 (1) - Extension of personal scope (protected person)

The Czech draft law has full extent of the personal scope. It includes employees, shareholders and management, contractors, but also stagiers, voluntary workers, or e.g. legal representatives. The draft covers also applicants for job.

Art. 6 (2) - Acceptance of anonymous reports

Anonymous reports can be filed according to Czech draft law based on the reasoning of the proposed regulation but the procedures established by the draft law will not be applied to the handling of anonymous reports (especially regarding the assessment of their reasonableness, the obligation to instruct, proposing corrective measures, etc.) until the identity of the informant is revealed. Note: § 2 of the draft reads “report includes name, surname and date of birth or other information through which identity of reporting person can be established”.According to the draft law, the whistleblower who filed the report anonymously is entitled to protection under the draft law and special legal regulations only if his/her identity is subsequently revealed. From this date, the standard procedures apply.

Art. 7 (2) - Encouraging internal reporting

Internal reporting is described in § 8 of the draft. The scope of the bodies obliged to establish internal channel follows the European Directive. There is no encouragement to use preferably internal reporting channel.

Art. 8 (7) - Obligation for legal entities in the private sector with less than 50 workers

Yes. The Czech draft act in § 8 requires companies having 50 and more employees to establish the internal channel. Also companies with less then 50 employees when operating on capital or financial markets, providing loans and other financial services or engaged in insurance including pension insurance are obliged to establish an internal channel.

Art. 8 (9) second subparagraph - Exemption for municipalities with fewer than 10.000 inhabitants / fewer than 50 workers / other entities with fewer than 50 workers

Yes. Public bodies including municipalities due to establish the internal channel are defined through the Czech Public Procurement Act. Exemptions are granted to municipalities with less then 10 000 inhabitants and public non-commercial institutions with less then 50 employees.

Art. 8 (9) Third subparagraph - Shared internal reporting channels for municipalities

Companies up to 249 employees and all municipalities can share the internal channel.

Art. 11 (1) - Authorities competent to receive external reports


Art. 11 (3) first sentence - Competence of authorities to decide on the minority of external reports

In Czech draft Act the report can be made on suspected breach of the law. Minor offenses are not covered in the Act. The right of the “appointed person/employee” in the ministry to close the case is described as follows: According to § 17 point b) and c) of the draft the public authority , the appointed person/employee: b) shall notify the notifier in writing without undue delay that it is not a notification under this Act, or c) without undue delay, informs the informant in writing that, based on the facts stated in the report and from the circumstances known to him, he did not find suspicion of committing an illegal act, or found that the report is based on false information, and instructs the informant about the right to submit notification to a public authority; the provisions of § 16, paragraph 2 shall be applied mutatis mutandis. The similar wording can be found also regarding the right of the appointed person/employee at the due institution: If the notification is not evaluated as justified, the competent person shall notify the whistleblower in writing without undue delay that, based on the facts stated in the notification and from the circumstances known to him, he/she did not find suspicion of the commission of an illegal act, or found that the notification is based on false information, and instructs the whistleblower on the right to file a report with the public authority.

Art. 11 (4) first sentence - Competence of authorities to decide on closing procedures regarding repetitive external reports

According to § 17 (2) If the repeated notification does not contain new facts, the appointed person/employee does not deal with it further. The appointed person/employee will notify the whistleblower in writing about this procedure without undue delay.

Art. 11 (5) - Competence of authorities to handle particular external reports with priority

No. In all cases the “appointed person” should act without unnecessary delay.

Art. 20 (2) - Financial assistance and support measures for reporting persons

No. There is no such provision in the Czech draft Act.

Art. 21 (1) first sentence - Protection measures against retaliation

Retaliation against reporting person and other contribution persons is defined in § 4 and such acts are prohibited. If retaliation occurs the reporting person has a right for appropriate financial remedy according § 5.,

Art. 23 (1) - Penalties

Penalties are defined in accordance with the Directive. E.g. Penalty for due institution which commits retaliation is up to 1M CZK, app. 40.000 €. The penalty for appointed person e.g. for Disclosing the identity of the reporting person is up to 100.000 CZK, app. 4.000 €.

Art. 23 (2) first sentence - Penalties for false reporting

In § 23 the penalty for intentional false reporting is set up to 50.000 CZK (approx. 2.000 €).

Art. 25 (1) - Further national rights of reporting persons

There are no such further rights.

Final remarks:

The first draft of the whistleblower act has been drafted, approved by the Government and presented to the Parliament in 2021. The Parliament has not dealt with the draft by the end of the election period. This implies that the new government elected in December 2021 should present the new draft. In our We are referring to this new draft which was approved by the Czech Government on 24 November 2022.